How to Care For Your Batteries
Construction of the lead acid battery.
All lead acid batteries have positive plates coated with lead dioxide and negative plates of soft spongy lead. In the past lead plates were conditioned through up to 50 charge and discharge cycles to build up these dioxide and spongy lead layers. In order to reduce cost, these days the active materials are chemically prepared and pasted on hollow wafer like lead grids. When a current is passed through the positive grid it is converted to lead dioxide and the negative plate is converted to spongy lead.The plates are also separated by wooden or plastic separators that allow the electrolyte to flow through the plates and the gas to escape
How batteries are damaged.
The most common problem in all lead acid batteries is sulfation which is caused naturally by many charge and discharge cycles. While this does not "kill" the battery immediately, it slowly decreases the charge capacity of the battery over time. If the sulfate build up is allowed to get to a point where it completely covers the plates in the battery, the battery will quit working altogether.
Fluid charge is a chemical battery desulfator which quickly breaks down the sulfate buildup in your battery. The damage done by years of abuse and neglect can be reversed by fluid charge in as little as an hour. Below is an image of